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ELI STUDENT VOICES

Volume 3, Issue 3 Fall 1999

 

Madrid

Juan Guerra-Escudero
1st Place

Madrid, the largest Spanish city and the center of the political and economic activity in Spain, was founded more than one thousand years ago and proclaimed official capital of the Kingdom of Spain in 1561, when Phillip II transferred the Court to this city. Today, it is a city in which past and present live together, creating, in its diversity, a unique and attractive setting, with a population (more than five million inhabitants) that is characterized by its affability and hospitality.

Located in the center of the Iberian peninsula, (the reason why it was elected as capital of the country), Madrid boasts a pleasant year-round Continental climate.

It is a bustling metropolis, with an enormous variety of shops, restaurants, parks, monuments and museums. The best way to really see Madrid is to walk through its streets or to use the public transportation (subway, buses or train).

Madrid is the city with the largest number of museums in the world: 196. Twenty-two of them are national museums. the most important museums are:

  • El Prado Museum: located in a huge XVIII-century palace on El Prado Avenue (the most beautiful street in Madrid), this is one of the world’s best fine arts museums, and exhibits the best collection of paintings in the world. This collection is so big that you can only visit 8% of all the paintings the museum has , in spite of the big size of the buildings that show it.

  • Centro de Arte Reina Sofia Museum: exhibits a collection of 20th centruy art works of the famous Spanish artists (MirŃ, Picasso, or DalÕ) and foreign artists (Degas, Matisse, C³zanne, Toulouse-Lautrec, Van Gogh, Monet…)

  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum: shows XVII to XX centuries’ masterpieces from the Thyssen private collection.

  • Archeological museum: displays pieces proceeding from prehistory to the Muslim Empire.

In addition, as capital of the Kingdom of Spain, Madrid is full of palaces built by the monarchy and the nobility. Madrid has five royal palaces. The most important is the palace known as El Palacio de Oriente, an enormous 18th century palace whose 2800 rooms include tapestries, a royal clock collection and the biggest collection in the world of Stradivarius musical instruments. The other palaces are: El Pardo, Aranjuez, El Buen Retiro and La Zarzuela (this one is the residence of the present King of Spain, John Charles I). Other important palaces are: El Palacio de Comunicaciones, the Central Bank of Spain, the National Library…

Besides the palaces and museums there are many other monuments to visit: the famous Puerta de Alcalą, former access to the city; the Cibeles square, the Neptuno square, the Puerta de Toledo, or the Puerta de San Vicente. When you wander the streets of Madrid, you can find statues wherever you see. These are dedicated tot he principal personages of our history: writers (Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Gracian, Calderon de la Barca…), painters (Velaszquez, Goya, Picasso, Murillo…), kings (Charles I, Phillip II, Phillip IV, Charles III, …), conquerors (Cortes, Pizarro, Soto, Almagro; Ponce de Leon, the founder of St. Augustine-the oldest city in the United States-;Cortes, Pizarro,…) politicians, noblemen…

Madrid is famous too for its gardens. it has the second largest number of parks in the world after Guayaquil (Ecuador) and the second largest number of trees after Tokyo. The most famous park is El Parque del Buen Retiro. This beautiful park, filled with statues and fountains, was the garden of the Buen Retiro Palace and became a public park in the nineteenth century. It makes a pleasant refuge from the busy city streets. Occasional exhibitions are held in the Crystal Palace, situated in the park, and in good weather it is possible to hire a boat to go rowing on the lake, beside the huge monument dedicated to the king Alphonso XII, the great-grandfather of the present king. Another famous park is the Botanical Garden, located beside El Prado Museum, has one of the most important collections of plants and trees from all over the world. In Madrid, also very popular is the extensive tropical garden located inside the railway station of Atocha.

Madrid is a city that also offers cultural and leisure activities for all tastes and all ages: concerts (I recommend you the National Auditorium), opera and ballet (in the Royal Theatre); movies and theatre; shows; night clubs and tablaos flamencos; sport events and bullfights. In addition, there are particular festivals celebrated in Madrid all year long, such as: Veranos de la Villa, San Isidro Bullfighting season, Carnival, Verbenas, Easter Processions and the Festival of Madrid.

These are only a few of the possibilities that this city offers for spending your free time. However, if you really want to enjoy Madrid, you cannot miss a fundamental facet of life there: the night. Nightlife starts at sunset and ends whenever you choose. In other words, Madrid really does stay open 24 hours a day, leaving visitors to wonder if anyone ever sleeps! It would be impossible to enumerate all the places to visit during the night. So, you must discover it by yourself. Don't worry, you can find many places in any quarter of the city.

In Madrid, you will be able to experience many different gastronomic pleasures: from typical tapas to the most delicious international cuisine (in Madrid is on e fo the best restaurants in the world, ZalacaÕn). You will not have any problems when it comes to finding a restaurant, since there are more than 5,000 in the city; counting caf³s, bars, taverns, etc., there are more than 25,000 establishments. If you are not Spanish, it is important that you know meal times, since they differ from most other countries'. Breakfast is usually between 11 and 12 a.m., with typical churros and porras. The tapeo hour, or aperitif, is taken between 1 and 3 p.m. The main meal of the day is taken between 2 and 4, and dinner around 10 or 11 at night. You need not worry if you are used to eating at other times. Madrid is a city that never sleeps, and this is reflected in the opening hours of its establishments: you can eat whatever you want and whenever you like.

And if you want to go shopping, Madrid has 54,000 stores at your disposal. Would you like to buy a souvenir, clothing or the famous Spanish leather goods? You need only go to the City center where department stores and many traditional shops are located. Do you want brand-name goods? The Salamanca district is the ideal place: jewelry stores, special items gift shops, clothing stores. Do you want that hard-to-find gift, something interesting and unexpected? You must visit the Rastro, Madrid's flea market. Do you need to purchase different goods, but not have much time? Don't worry, Madrid has a large number of shopping centers where you will find all the gifts on your list. The most famous are the department stores called El Corte Ingl³s. There are 15 of them in Madrid.

The cities and towns that surround the capital of Spain are a clear example of the cultural and monumental richness of this country; the incredible El Escorial monastery (seat of the royal tombs of the Spanish monarchy and considered the Eighth Marvel of the World), the "hanging houses" of Cuenca, the castle of SigŁenza (today Parador Nacioal-National Inn), the Acueducto in Segovia, the walls of Avila, the Royal Palace of Aranjuez or the monumental city of Alcalą de Henares are just a few samples of everything there is to discover in a radius of only 100 kilometers.

I hope you enjoy your visit. See you there.

 

Rio de Janeiro

Valeria Amorim Comforti
R/W 500
2nd Place

When you come to my hometown, you will first notice the atmosphere of hospitality that involves the visitors that arrive in Rio. The most prominent physical feature of Rio is the uniqueness of a place which mixes scenes of exuberant natural sights with the structure of a big city. The most expressive building in my hometown is the modern business building at the edge of the Guanabara gulf, which is an enormous structure of granite and glass that reflects the colors of the sky.

Some interesting things to see in Rio include Sugar Loaf, a mountain near the sea, accessible by a skyride, that allows the visitors to see one of the most famous sights of the world; the Corcovado, a mountain higher than the Sugar Loaf, with a statue of Christ with open arms over the city; and the Ipanema beach, famous for its beauty and for the sont, "Garota de Ipanema" (Girl from Ipanema).

When you come to Rio, be sure to visit the Lake Rodrigo de Freitas, which is a wonderful place to walk, go jogging, or ride a bicycle.

In the evening, don't forget to go to a "churrascario rodÕgio" (barbecue restaurant), where the most delicious kinds of meat are served, accompanied by salads and hot dishes. Choose a barbecue restaurant where you can watch a show of Brazilian music and dance.

The people from Rio are friendly and show a lot of interest in helping the tourists to visit the city and have a good time.

Near the center of town, you will find the Modern Art Museum (MAM), that has the most expressive Brazilian collection of modern art.

My hometown is noted for the beauty o the scenes and also for the annual festival of popular art called "Carnaval" (Carnival), which attracts thousands of people from all over the world.

Although my hometown Is new and modern, it doesn't have an efficient system of traffic and transportation. In many parts of the city, the traffic is intense during the working hours, and it takes a long time to go through even short distances. Unfortunately, my hometown doesn’t have a huge net of subways. This kind of transport in Rio covers just a small part of the city. Subways could help the city in decreasing the traffic problems.

I am sure you will love the options of trips and also the friendly atmosphere in Rio.

Better Later Than Never

Eduardo Vale
R/W 50
3rd Place

Since I got my degree seven years ago, I have been working with banks in Venezuela. Three years ago, I went to a job interview with Citibank, one of the most important banks worldwide. The interview was so good until they told me "what about your English" and asked me some things in English I couldn't answer properly; consequently, I didn't get the job. At that moment I realized that I needed to improve my English skills. Two years ago I took a complete English course in my country; nevertheless, I have never felt I was a fluent speaker. In 1998, I went to "Headhunters" companies to know my opportunities in other fields, but they asked me "Are you a fluent English speaker?" I answered, "Not enough." Late 1998, I started to think about the possibility of coming here because my sister was at the ELI at the beginning of last year and told me about the university, the courses, the city, etc. In April of 1999, she came here again to take the MBA program. She has an apartment, a car and all the information about the courses. On the other hand, I had a good position in Venezuela as executive working with customers' investments; however, since the beginning of this year, nobody wants to invest because Venezuela has a very unclear political situation. Also, for people over "30" it is harder to make the decision; though I am not married and I don't have big personal responsibilities...yet. Finally, in July I told myself "This is my opportunity" everything is in order to go. In August, I came and I am happy about my decision because I feel well learning English. Moreover, I start to open my mind to brand new opportunities like the MBA program. In conclusion I can say "Better later than never".

Experimenters Energy Conservation Manifesto

Christian Castillo
Reading and Writing 31

I hold this truth to be self-evident: that all energy is freely provided by nature, that utilities (both public and private) do not have a monopoly on the production and distribution of energy, that this century's monopolization of energy by utilities threatens the health of our environment.

We, the Energy Conservation Experimenters of the University of Florida, established on November 12, 1999, and composed of students in electronics, biology, astronomy and in the English language, resolve to place energy made from sunshine and wind on this planet's utility grids with or without permission from utilities or governments.

We resolve to share this energy with our neighbors without regard for financial compensation. We further resolve that our renewable energy systems will be safe and will not harm utility workers, our neighbors, or our environment.

Fuel of the New Millenium

Christian Castillo
R/W 31

Making your own fuel from vegetable oil can be easy, cost-effective, and environmentally beneficial. What makes this fuel even more attractive is that you can make it from the waste of vegetable oil.

Only diesel engines can run on vegetable oil-based fuels. This means that any engine that has spark plugs and is made for leaded or unleaded gasoline cannot use vegetable oil fuel.

We produce a large quantity of used vegetable oil in Venezuela. One of the crops with the highest yield of oil per acre is corn. From just one acre of corn, you can produce 80 gallons of vegetable oil.

Growing your own oilseed crop has an added bonus. The meal that is separated from the oil is an excellent source of protein. This meal can be used as animal feed or in breads and food products.

Diesel engines that are founds in cars, trucks, generators, buses, planes and in many applications can all run on fuel from vegetable oil. Pure vegetable oil and used cooking oil work as well as diesel fuel.

The most conventional method of running a diesel engine on vegetable oil is to produce a fuel named Ecodiesel.

Ecodiesel is made by combining 6 percent alcohol with one percent lye and 93 percent vegetable oil. A very reliable reaction can be made with 85 parts new vegetable oil, 14 parts methanol, and 0.72 parts lye. These ingredients are mixed together for an hour and left to settle for eight hours.

After the chemical reaction is complete and the new product settles out, you have Ecodiesel fuel and glycerin soap. The fuel is yellow to amber in color and flows like water. The soap is brown in color and has the consistency of gelatin. The soap settles to the bottom, allowing you to pump, siphon, or pour off the Ecodiesel.

Ecodiesel was discovered in error while I was balancing a chemical formula in an inorganic chemistry high school class in 1990. The original experiment was to create a glicerine soap at 110 degrees Farenheit in the presence of protein and vitamin E.

Bangkok-My Hometown

Theeranan Prakongpan

When you come to my hometown, you will first notice the atmosphere of friendship. The most prominent physical feature of my hometown is construction because of the expanding of the city. The most prominent building in my hometown is "Baiyok II" which is the highest building in Thailand. There are several restaurants, a hotel, and a shopping center inside. Some interesting things to see in my hometown include Ratanakosin Island. It is an area in the west of the town which has many old beautiful temples, museums, the old palace, and canals. Be sure to visit Wat-Prakaew, Wimanmek Museum and all temples in that are. In the evening, you can go to Siam Square, World Trade Center for dinner and shopping or go to one of the restaurants located on the bank of Chaopraya River and order traditional Thai dishes. You can have dinner in a ship and see the scenery along the river. The people are friendly and show a lot of smiles. Near the center of town, you will find the Chaisamoraphum Monument, big hospitals, and the shopping center. My hometown is noted for amazing things, travelling, shopping, and food. Although my hometown is new and modern, it doesn’t have a subway. Fortunately, my hometown doesn’t have the earthquake and severe weather changes. Unfortunately, the city is usually flooded in the rainy season because of the level of the land. What I miss about my hometown are food and city-life there.

How to Live Better and Without Stress The 10 Rules

Marcos Ivanowski
R/W 32

  1. Live each day to its fullest !

  2. Forget the Past

  3. Do not be disappointed when you do not reach perfection.

  4. Do not spend before you earn.

  5. Eat three meals per day.

  6. Do thirty minutes of exercise every day (walking).

  7. Go to bed early.

  8. Get out in the sun, preferably in the early hours.

  9. Accept others' faults as well as your own.

  10. Develop a strong belief in God, doesn't matter which religion.

Good Week

See a computer-animated version of this submission at:
http://web.lin.ufl.edu/eli/voices/howtolivebetter

Letter to Friend

Eon-Jeong Kim

Dear Hisami

Hi Hisami. So long time no see! How are you doing these days? I hope you are doing well on everything. I am really glad to hear that you are going to Korea. If I were in Korea, I could introduce you to some wonderful places to go in Korea. But I think I’ll stay in Florida until next May. As you know, Seoul is the capital of Korea, so I think you already have known about Seoul. Moreover, there are a lot of information centers for foreign tourists in Seoul. Besides Seoul, you have to be sure to visit my hometown, Pusan. As I remember, there are less English sign boards in Pusan, so you might face the language problem. However, you can understand some of (those) sign by Chinese characters. Let me give you some information about Pusan. When you come to my hometown, you’ll first notice that Pusan people speak Korean like Japanese! Because the tone of Pusan’s dialect is similar to Japanese. The most prominent physical feature of my hometown is the beautiful HAEUHNDAE beach. This beach is one fo the best beaches in Korea. You’ll see a clean seahore, and huge famous hotels like Paradise and Hyatt around the beach. Moreover, you can see the O-RUEK island over the horizon. You can see 5 islands when it’s high tide, and 5 islands when it’s low tide. It’s because the sixth low island is submerged under the sea at high tide. Hisami, be sure to find six cute little green islands!

In the evening, you can go to NAMPO-DONG, the downtown of Pusan. It became famous for "Pusan International Film Festival (PIFF)". In NAMPO-DONG, there are many theaters, good restaurants, and cheap shopping centers. Moreover, you can meet a great many Korean teenagers in that street. I’m sure you will like the NAMPO-DONG street. What I miss about my hometown is the HAEUHNDAE beach because I’ve never been to (the) sea after I came to Gainesville,. I’ve really loved to walk along the seashore.

Maybe I can go to the beach on Thursday because it’s Thanksgiving day, vacation for 4 days!

Doesn’t it sound fantastic to you? (?) = Isn’t it fantastic?

Well, I have to study now. Please write me soon, and take care.

Bye,,,

Love

Michelle.

Greece

Dimitra Tsioufi

"Greece is a small country with great history." this is not just a simple sentence I created in order just to satisfy my patriotism. It is a saying which has been used from many great men after they came in touch with the Greek.

My hometown is a miniature of the whole country. It's a small village, lockated about at the center of Greece. When somebody comes to my hometown, he'll first notice how friendly the atmosphere is. This has to do with the "sociological shock" which a famous author mentions. In Greece everyone has his own beliefs, his own philosophy about life. A shepherd feels no discrimination towards a great, well-known professor. They are all happy, member of the same society, with the same rights and obligations.

While walking on the streets, someone will have the unique chance to watch people of different ages and social levels to coexist together. There are many children playing on the streets while at the same time some old people are having their coffee in an old traditional coffee-house.

There are many trees all over my hometown, while the wood at the foot of the hill is a really beautiful and interesting place for someone to visit. So if someone wants to get away from the cement going for a picnic in the woods is a good opportunity.

The most prominent building of my hometown is an old monastery. It's a really old church, build at the top of a dangerous, rocky, huge hill. Many people from all over Europe come to visit this church. It's really worth spending your night there, getting up early in the morning, attending the church and then taking breakfast in an old traditional restaurant with Greek food.

In the evenings people, usually, come out of their houses, in contrast with American where everyone is locked behind his housedoor! Many people in their try to get away from their stress, take a walk. In my hometown I used to get out of my house every morning just to say "goodbye" to my neighbor. Social relationships seem to be very important to Greek people.

So my hometown offers a good chance of making new friendships.

Besides my hometown is surrounding by mountains, while a river is coming through it.

In conclusion, in my hometown, it also seems necessary for the people there, to get out of their houses and entertaining themselves. There are enough Greek taverns where someone can relish Greek food and wine, while listening to the Greek music.

Even if it's a small place my hometown can offer many different experiences to its visitors.

Letter to a Friend

Jae-Hong Park

My dear friend,

How are you doing these days? I'm very well.

I'm so happy to hear that you'll visit my hometown in Korea. So, I am writing a letter about my hometown for your reference. My hometown is "Pohang" which is located in the South-eastern part of Korea. "Pohang" means a big harbor. It is a seacoast town. People who live in my hometown are very friendly and kind. When you come to my hometown, you will first notice the atmosphere of freedom and kindness. The people who are engaged in a fishery usually prefer a liberal atmosphere to rigid circumstances. The most prominent physical feature of my hometown is that there are so many ships and smelting factories. As I see it the reason why many smelting factories located at my hometown is the easiness in transport of smelting raw materials.

Some interesting things to see in my hometown include a huge fish market and a beautiful beach (resort). In summer 200,000 people gather in the beach of my hometown at one time. And at least 50,000 people visit the fish market every day. If you go to the fish market you can enjoy fresh sliced raw fishes-Japanese people call it "sasimi"-at a low price.

Near the center of town you will find a large and old building which was built in 1915. That is the former city hall building. Recently, that hall is used for an exhibition of relics and art object. You can enter it for free.

I'm sure you will like my hometown's many beautiful and interesting places you may go. I hope you have really good time and experiences in my hometown. Here is my house (exactly my parents' house) phone number (+99-9999-999-9999) in my hometown. You can visit my parents who have lived there. You will very welcomed. Good luck to you, my friend!

Bye,

Your friend, Kyle

Opinion Article

Christian Castillo
R/W 31

During the time I have been studying at the English Language Institute, I learned a lot about U.S. culture by word of mouth of faculty, city of Gainesville contacts, and in the informal groups and activities organized by the English Interaction leaders.

Following the ELI policy of using the English Language as much as possible in the cultural immersion program, I want to suggest using the English Language, to learn a lot about the countries represented at the Eli. I think it would be a good experience to exchange our cultures and to promote world peace, among other things.

My plan is to organize with the help of ELI’s faculty and students a series of presentations about tourist information of every country. We would use English to learn more about our origins and the custom of others. We would also improve our knowledge in international relations, all in English.

The ELI Student Voices is the key to expanding our universal culture and we need to promote this idea.

 

The Influence of Language in our Lives

Octavio Amaya Mejia
R/W 41

When you get interested in your language you become conscious of a lot of changes that people need to make, to live longer and better lives.

Some people tell others about incorrect use of their language and the negative effects on their thinking and lives, but people don’t listen. For example, in sports, people use these aggressive words: defend, attack, kill, tackle, kick, etc. But in quotidian life, everybody does the same thing and we don’t even know we’re speaking aggressively and that is scary.

I hope that we become conscious of this reality; we decide to talk in another way and begin to think and live in another way. The truth is the way that we talk, we think, we feel and we live.

Maybe if our classrooms emphasized this connection more, children would grow up understanding the strong connection between our words and our feelings.

General Knowledge

Christian Castillo
R/W 31

Do you know that…

  • the universe is in continuing expansion?

  • the hummingbird is a small bird which can be static in the air while it is swallowing a flower’s nectar?

  • the highest mountain in the world is called Everest, located in the Himalayas (Asia) with an altitude of approximately 29,028 feet?

  • plants develop better with red light?

  • the planet Jupiter is a collapsed sun configuration?

  • the Earth’s magnetic field is changing constantly?

  • the planet Earth is slowing its speed?

  • the shape of the top of the airplane wing generates the ascensional force?

  • the B vitamin complex increases the immune system and muscle stability?

  • a fist-size meteorite can open at least a 100-foot crater with a proportional depth?

  • a star’s color defines its temperature?

  • the planet Earth is involved with 8,782 objects including debris, satellites and space probes?

  • the move and the falls of the Earth’s geological structure start earthquakes?

  • the ozone layer filters the majority of ultraviolet rays?

  • a computer chip is composed of thousands of transistors in a silica drop?

  • during a sun bathing the body receives vitamin D through a chemical reaction?

  • the bat consumes 500 to 1000 insects each night?

The Dreamer

R/W 31 class

Vladimir was so excited. After making many preparations, he had flown across the ocean, across the U.S., and was finally in Omaha. A new immigrant. He felt hot because his land was much colder. He was surprised because there was much more farm land than in his own country, and he thinks that it’s a good place to live and form a big family. After that, he was lost there and he met a farmer who helped him to find his way. However, the farmer invited him to his house for dinner. It was important for him, meeting new friends and being in a new place, living a new life for his novel.

When he kissed American ground, he didn’t know about the cultural differences and the customs of other immigrants like himself. With all these differences and difficulties, he had to work hard to take advantage of U.S. opportunities.

Suddenly, he woke up and realized that he had to hurry to get to his work in Moscow.

Wear a Condom

Octavio Amaya Mejia
R/W 41

Is it a slogan or a rule? I really don’t know. Maybe the deal with it is a social problem. We are already in the end of the 90s and going to the supermarket to buy a condom is still an embarrassing problem. I think the importance of condoms is protection more than fashion. Actually for young men it’s cool to show a condom in their wallet, but do they know that it is not useful being in that place? Do they know how to use it? Do they use it? Probably they are only worried about being cool, about being "men".

On the other are women. Society doesn’t let them keep a condom in their purses, or worse, to buy one, maybe because they have to keep a symbol of pureness and a condom is a symbol of sex (something dirty for society). After all this, what is the reason for the condom? The first, think in my head, is AIDS, then I remember "protection against pregnancy and diseases", so what’s the problem for everybody about this topic?

As a result of this problem, we have AIDS growing more and more everyday.

Autobiography

Yady Vesga Villamizar
R/W 300

I was born in Bogota, Colombia, on August 8, 1975. I studied in the same school for twelve years, so when I finished the high school I was very tired. I didn’t like the school because nobody could think differently; I mean nobody could doubt what the teachers taught and every day I had to wear a uniform. I thought I would go crazy. However, I had many friends that were like brothers to me because they grew up with me.

In 1994, when I was nineteen years old I entered to the National University of Colombia, the best in my country, therefore to pass the admission exam was very difficult. That day was the happiest in my short life. That day and the next five years were happy for me because my university is public, and was paid by the State. I had freedom of expression, and finally I was free and I could do everything that I wished.

However, that time was also hard and I had many problems with my father because he doesn’t like anything about me; my ideas, my major in Architecture and Arts because he thinks that the Arts aren’t useful, and he also hated my clothes and my pets. He thought that I was very independent and he disliked that possibility. All the time we were fighting and I think that my mother was sick maybe because she wanted something impossible in her house: "peace". I said "impossible" because it meant that I would think like my father. So I decide to leave my house with my dog "Alfonso" in November, 1997.

During the three first months I almost went crazy, because I didn’t have money and of course I didn’t eat well, (neither did my dog) and most importantly I missed my mother every day. Those months were very strange because I was happy and sad at the same time. Fortunately my best friends helped me then; sometimes with money and sometimes just listening to me.

Two weeks later, I got a job in my university, teaching graphic design and painting, and the salary was good! But it was also hard, because I was very young and the students sometimes thought that my ideas were wrong: they didn’t believe me. Later they understood that my work was serious and soon we could have discussions about the classes and they respected me. Then, I thought "finally my life is improving".

One year later, I finished my major in Architecture and I got a job in my favorite subject, "Urban Planning". I really enjoyed that job, besides I could learn a lot. I saved money and traveled to USA to study English for eight weeks.

Now, I am happy because I have five pets in my house, three dogs and two cats and the best friends in the world, Julian and Sonia. I am learning English and my mother calls me two times each week. My father doesn’t say anything but I’m sure he is happy too!

Korean Rice Cake

Hyun-Su Lee
R/W 31

Have you ever tasted Korean rice cake? Korean rice-cake is a kind of dessert. Rice-cake is made from rice, rice flour, sweet rice, or sweet rice flour. Now, let’s make Korean rice-cake.

Yaksik

you need: a pressure cooker, a big bowl, and a tray

ingredients: 2 cup sweet rice

1 cup water

½ cup dark brown sugar

1 ½ tsp. soy sauce

1 ½ tsp. sesame oil

a little cinnamon powder, salt

some raisins, garbanzo beans

  1. Dip sweet rice into water for 2 hours then remove the water.

  2. Mix the water, soy sauce, sesame oil, and dark brown sugar.

  3. Put sweet rice into the mixture and add some garbanzo beans.

  4. Put into a pressure cooker and steam it.

  5. After the pressure is gone, open the lid put some raisins and salt then mix them again.

  6. Put into the tray you want to shape it with.

  7. Enjoy it.

P.S.) We have many kinds of rice-cake, but I only know one.

Social Reforms In Turkey

Evren Ozturk
R/W 41

Everything was started on May 1919, when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk landed in Samsun, where he started the independence War of Turkey. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people needed a hero who could make them come together to fight against great Britain, Italy, France, Greece and others, which were trying to take land from Turkey. He organized the Turkish people and won the war. Then he created a new country named Turkish Republic (the first Moslem republic country).

He knew that he had to modernize the country in order to give his nation a new sense of dignity, equality, and happiness. First of all, he abolished the sultanate and the caliphate (Islamic rules). European hats replaced the fez (ottoman style hat), women stopped wearing veil (a dress covers all the body except the eyes), all the citizens took surnames, and the western calendar replaced the Islamic calendar.

Ataturk realized that education is one of the most important things for a developed country. He made education free from grade school to graduate school. Then he decided to change the language of all the country, because the language that was spoken at that time was not clear, there were to many accents and it was too hard to read and write that language. He personally taught children and adults in schools, parks and in public places, with other teachers. He was very successful in changing the language, the literacy that was less than 9 percent in 1923 rose more than 33 percent in 1938.

In order to give women equal rights, he made many reforms. He gave equal rights to women in divorce, custody, and politics. He supported Turkish women to have them well educated and take part in the growth of Turkey. Later, Turkey had the world’s first women Supreme Court justice.

He had great success in his social reforms. Today Turkey is the most modernized Moslem country in the world. We appreciate him for creating this country.

The Foods of Language

Yoonjae Sung
R/W 31

 

Cheese is smooth

Pepper is hot

Noodle is soft

Rice is mild

Coke is cold

Beer is cool

Chips are dry

Chicken is wet

Fish is fresh

Cheese + pepper = pizza

Pepper + noodle = Chinese Lomein

Noodle + rice = Korean Lomein

Rice + coke = you tell me!

Coke + beer = it’s cool, like a cocktail!

Beer + chips = Loco Grande, Taco Bell?

Chips + chicken = Am I Mexican?

Chicken + fish = What a sushi!

I like the taste of all kind of foods: American, Italian, Mexican, Chinese, Japanese, …etc. I can’t be a vegetarian. I wish I could become a vegetarian. I wish I could become a vegetarian. But I can’t become one because I really like chicken and fish. Am I wrong? Who blames me? Who blames my taste? I can’t eat too much because I’m watching my weight. Am I wrong? Who blames me? Who blames my thinking? I’m in the country of freedom. Buy one and get one FREE!!!

Thanks from the Editor

Thanks to all the teachers and Kent Trickel for your support in getting the news of the Student Voices out and for encouraging students to make submissions. Steve Flocks and Susan Salminen were especially helpful for taking time out during a busy week to serve as the committee that decided on the awards. Christian Castillo's idea for having prizes for the top submissions proved fruitful.

Finally, thanks to all the students who decided to showcase their work. All of you played an integral role in the publication of these works.

Patti

 

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